Satelit Lomonosov, Rusija
    Četvrtak, 14 Veljača 2019 13:22

    Satelit Lomonosov, Rusija

    Ruski satelit bilježi nepoznate fizičke pojave u Zemljinoj atmosferi. Ultraljubičasti teleskop postavljen 2016. godine na ruski satelit "Lomonosov" zabilježio je u Zemljinoj atmosferi jake svjetlosne "eksplozije" čija priroda još uvijek nije objašnjena, izjavio je za Sputnjik direktor Instituta za istraživanje nuklearne fizike Moskovskog državnog sveučilišta Mihail Panasjuk. "Pomoću teleskopa smo uspjeli da dobijemo značajnije rezultate nego što smo očekivali. Čini se da smo naišli na nove fizičke pojave. Zasad ne znamo kakva je njihova fizička priroda. Na primjer, za vrijeme leta 'Lomonosova' na visini od nekoliko desetina kilometara nekoliko puta smo zabilježili svjetlosnu 'eksploziju' ogromne jačine. A ispod nje je sve bilo čisto, nije bilo nikakvih munja i oblaka! Ostaje pitanje što ju je izazvalo", objasnio je Panasjuk. On je naveo da se čitava atmosfera Zemlje sjaji izljevima ultraljubičastog zračenja, od kojih su neki poznati znanstvenicima to su vatrenjaci (električna pražnjenja u mezosferi i termosferi) i vilenjaci (veliki bljeskovi u gornjem dijelu grmljavinskog oblaka). Svemirski satelit "Lomonosov" proizvela je korporacija VNIIEM po nalogu Moskovskog državnog sveučilišta. Satelit je u orbitu donijela raketa-nosač "Soyuz 2.1a" u travnju 2016. tijekom prvog lansiranja sa kosmodroma "Vostochny". "Lomonosov" proučava prolazne svjetlosne pojave (kratke bljeskove) u gornjem dijelu Zemljine atmosfere i karakteristike zračenja Zemljine magnetosfere. Njegova težina je 625 kilograma. Satelit je opremljen svemirskim teleskopom za mjerenje energetskog spektra i kemijskog sastava kozmičkog zračenja ekstremno velikih energija iz orbite blizu Zemlje. Osim toga, na njemu su ugrađeni instrumenti za istraživanje kosmičkih gama-zračenja i obližnje Zemljine magnetosfere.
    hr.sott.net

     

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    Rusija napravila sistem za kontrolu zračenja u Zemljinoj orbiti
    Rusija je napravila sistem za kontrolu radijacije u kosmičkom prostoru oko Zemlje i spremna je da podijeli dobivene podatke sa Europom, priopćio je direktor Znanstvenog-istraživačkog instituta za nuklearnu fiziku „D. V. Skobeljcin“ Mihail Panasjuk. „Rusija je stvorila sistem za kontrolu radijacije u kosmičkom prostoru oko Zemlje na različitim orbitama od niskih do geostacionarnih. Ovo je veliko poostignuće“, izjavio je Panasjuk. Prema njegovim riječima, kako bi došli do toga, postavili su dozimetre zračenja na ruske svemirske letjelice koje se nalaze na raznim orbitama, na primjer na niskoorbitalne „Meteore M“, srednjeorbitalne „Glonase“ i geostacionarne „Elektro L“. Ruski znanstvenici su spremni da podijele ove informacije sa europskim kolegama, sa kojima imaju potpisan sporazum o suradnji. U Europi, u okviru projekta CRREAT, koji je pokrenula Europska unija, u tijeku je rad na proučavanju efekata kosmičkog zračenja na živu i neživu materiju, kao i na Zemljinu atmosferu. Planeta Zemlja ima dva pojasa zračenja — na visini od četiri tisuće i 17 tisuća kilometara. Oni štite Zemlju od teških naelektriziranih čestica koje doalze od Sunca i galaksije.
    rs-lat.sputniknews.com

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    What HAS Russia spotted in Earth's upper atmosphere?
    Scientists say satellite detected unexplained 'explosions of light' in cloud-free skies. A Russian satellite designed to monitor the atmosphere for high-energy cosmic rays has detected mysterious ‘explosions’ of light miles above Earth’s surface, Russian scientists say. While numerous examples of unusual space weather phenomena have been spotted in the upper atmosphere before, the team operating the Lomonosov satellite say what they’ve found may be something entirely new. Despite the occurrence of several powerful bursts, Russian scientists say there were no signs of storms in the area, according to Sputnik. The satellite, named after scientist Mikhail Lomonosov, launched in 2016 and is integrated with the Kanopus-B spacecraft. Its goal is to study high-energy cosmic rays, including gamma rays, magnetospheric particles, and transient light phenomena in the upper atmosphere. And, the scientists now say it’s spotted something odd. ‘With the help of the telescope, we have obtained even more important results than we expected,’ Mikhail Panasyuk, Director of the Research Institute of Nuclear Physics at Moscow State University, told Sputnik. ‘It looks like we have encountered new physical phenomena. We do not yet know their physical nature. ‘For example, during Lomonosov’s flight at an altitude of several dozen kilometers, we have registered several times a very powerful “explosion” of light,' the director said. ‘But everything was clear underneath it, no storms, no clouds.’ In recent years, unusual electrical discharges have been captured on film by satellites and even astronauts aboard the International Space Station. There are several types of luminous flashes, most notably red sprites and blue jets. These bursts of electricity, however, are always associated with storm clouds, making the latest discovery all the more baffling. The Lomonosov Project is working to get to the bottom of short-lived phenomena such as that recently detected in the upper atmosphere to understand processes beyond cosmic rays and gamma bursts. While they may occur high above Earth, the effects of space weather can trickle down and interfere with activity down at the surface. While numerous types of space and weather phenomena have been spotted in the upper atmosphere before, the team operating the Lomonosov satellite say what they’ve found may be something entirely new. The team reported 'explosions' of light, though no clouds were seen in the skies below. In the past, similar luminous events have been linked to 'space lightning' - but, these events are always associated with storm clouds. Blue jets are enormous bursts of electrical discharge spiking upward from storm clouds in the upper atmosphere. They emerge from the electrically-charged cores of thunderstorms and rise up to 30 miles upwards in the shape of a cone. Red sprites are electrical bursts of light that occur above highly active thunderstorms. They only last a few milliseconds and are relatively dim compared with other lightning. The late experimental physicist John Winckler accidentally discovered sprites, while helping to test a new low-light video camera in 1989. They show up red at higher altitudes and fade to blue at lower heights. ‘We must take into account that the Earth’s radiation belts – the charged particles trapped by the magnetic field, can disappear, precipitate from the magnetic trap into the Earth’s atmosphere, producing in it extensive regions of ionization,’ the project’s website states. ‘The energy of the radiation belt particles is sufficiently high, for instance, there are relativistic electrons with energy of several MeV among them, which can penetrate deep in the atmosphere and by rate of ionization can easily compete against Auger showers. ‘Besides space factors physical processes near the Earth’s surface also have an effect on the atmosphere.’
    www.dailymail.co.uk

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    'Alien INVASION?' Russian satellite spots bright blasts in atmosphere
    A MYSTERIOUS, bright blast was seen by Russian satellites in Earth’s atmosphere sparking frantic fears an alien invasion is looming.  Experts from the Moscow State University’s Research Institute of Nuclear Physics said one of their satellites spotted several high-power “light explosions” dozens of kilometres above the Earth’s surface. The team captured even more interest from the public when they said the bright blasts are unlike anything seen before, and cannot be explained by modern physics. Flashes have been spotted before and have been explained by weather phenomena such as lightening storms. But the ones captured by the Lomonosov satellite were above a clear sky, which would suggest they have nothing to do with the weather. Mikhail Panasyuk, head of Moscow State University’s Research Institute of Nuclear Physics, said: “With the help of the telescope, we have obtained even more important results than we expected. “It looks like we have encountered new physical phenomena. We do not yet know their physical nature. “For example, during Lomonosov’s flight at an altitude of several dozen kilometres, we have registered several times a very powerful ‘explosion’ of light. “But everything was clear underneath it, no storms, no clouds. “What caused the explosions is an open question.” With scientists openly admitting that there is currently no concrete explanation, conspiracy theorists jumped on the wagon and started expressing their views. Twitter user James Seal thought asteroids could have played a part, writing: Did two asteroids hit each other that could have been an explosion. Be a blessing if it did Earth’s Upper Atmosphere.” Patrick McDuff wrote: “I'm not saying it was the aliens but it WAS the aliens.” However, the website of the Lomonosov project explains that events on the Earth’s surface can have an effect on the atmosphere, as scientists strive for a logical explanation. The website reads: “We must take into account that the Earth’s radiation belts – the charged particles trapped by the magnetic field, can disappear, precipitate from the magnetic trap into the Earth’s atmosphere, producing in it extensive regions of ionisation. “The energy of the radiation belt particles is sufficiently high, for instance, there are relativistic electrons with energy of several MeV among them, which can penetrate deep in the atmosphere and by rate of ionisation can easily compete against Auger showers. “Besides space factors physical processes near the Earth’s surface also have an effect on the atmosphere.”
    www.express.co.uk

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    Hrastović Inženjering d.o.o. od 2004. se razvija u specijaliziranu tvrtku za projektiranje i primjenu obnovljivih izvora energije. Osnova projektnog managementa održivog razvitka društva je povećanje energijske djelotvornosti klasičnih instalacija i zgrada te projektiranje novih hibridnih energijskih sustava sunčane arhitekture. Cijeli živi svijet pokreće i održava u postojanju stalni dotok Sunčeve energije, a primjenom transformacijskih tehnologija Sunce bi moglo zadovoljiti ukupne energetske potrebe društva.

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